nosocomial infection


nosocomial infection
= hospital infection
an infection whose development is favoured by a hospital environment. It may develop in a hospitalized patient without having been present or incubating at the time of admission, or it may be acquired in hospital but only appears after discharge. Such infections include fungal and opportunist bacterial infections. They are aggravated by factors favouring the spread of organisms (cross-contamination) and by reduced resistance of individual patients, as well as by antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria (see Clostridium, Enterococcus, MRSA). The term also includes infections developing among hospital staff.

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

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